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Ornithological books online

This site contains a list of links to on-line books (ca 275) in various formats, concerning birds and ornithology.

The books are separated into two categories Classics, and Modern books. The Dividing line has been put at 1950. This division is a natural one, since like all books on the Internet, the ornithological books are either ones where the Copyright has expired, and thus published before ca 1920, or ones which has been put online by the authors themselves, or with their express permission, and thus usually written during the last decade or two, while there are very few books online that were published during the first half of the twentieth century. Books have been included without regard to language, and at the moment the list includes works in nine languages (English, French, German, Hungarian, Portuguese, Spanish, Danish, Swedish and Latin)

The majority of these books are in PDF format which requires Adobe´s Acrobat Reader to be installed for reading to be possible. Acrobat Reader may be downloaded here.

Latest update of this page was: 2002-02-13

Please suggest any additions or changes to Tommy Tyrberg


Handbooks (44)
Monographs of Specific taxa (10)
Systematics and Nomenclature (10)
Anatomy and Embryology (2)
Local Faunas and Checklists (12)
Palaeontology and Evolution (2)
Migration (1)
Miscellaneous (16)


Aristotle [Translated by D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson] ca 350 B. C. E. The History of Animals.

Audubon, John James 1831-38. Ornithological biography, or An account of the habits of the birds of the United States of America: accompanied by descriptions of the objects represented in the work entitled "The birds of America".... Vol. I, xxiv + 512 pp., Vol II, xxxii + 588 pp. Vol III, xvi + 636 pp. Vol IV, xxviii + 618 pp.

Audubon, John James 1839. Synopsis of the birds of North America. xii + 359 pp.

Audubon, John James 1826-44. Birds of America, from drawing made in the United States and their territories. Vol. I., Vol II., Vol III., Vol IV., Vol. V., Vol. VI., Vol. VII., Vol VIII. This is in black and white page-image mode. The plates alone, in another version, is here, and, in a somewhat better quality reproduction, here.

Baird, Spencer Fullerton, Brewer, Thomas Mayo & Ridgway, Robert 1875. History of North American birds. Volume II , Vol. III

Baird, Spencer Fullerton, Brewer, Thomas Mayo & Ridgway, Robert 1884. Water birds of North America. Vol. I, Vol. II

Belon, Pierre 1555. Histoire de la nature des oyseaux, avec leurs descriptions et naïfs portraicts retirez du naturel, escrite en sept livres

Bewick, Thomas 1797. The History of British Birds: Land Birds, (plates only). Also includes plates from the 1798, 1805, 1809, 1814, 1816, 1821, 1826, 1832 and 1847 editions.

Bewick Thomas 1797. The History of British Birds: Water Birds, (plates only) Also includes plates from the 1804, 1805, 1809, 1816, 1821, 1826, 1832 and 1847 editions.

Bewick Thomas 1826. A History of British Birds, Vol I, Containing the History and description of Land Birds, 6th edition., Vol II, Containing the History and description of Water Birds, 6th edition.

Bonaparte, Charles-Lucien 1825-28. American ornithology, or The natural history of birds inhabiting the United States, not given by Wilson : with figures drawn, engraved and coloured, from nature. Vol. I. VI +105 p. + [9] pl., Vol. II, VII + 95 p. +15 pl., Vol. III, 60 p. + 21 pl.

Brisson, Mathurin-Jacques 1760. Ornithologia sive Synopsis methodica sistens avium divisionem in ordines, sectiones, genera, species, ipsarumque varietates... Vol. II, LXVII + 516 p.+ XLVI pl., Vol. IV, LIV +576 p.+ XLVI pl., Vol V, LV + 544 p. + XLII pl.

Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc 1770-83. Histoire naturelle des oiseaux. Tome I. In: Histoire naturelle générale et particulière; 16, 1. Tome II, Tome III, Tome IV, Tome V, Tome VI, Tome VII, Tome VIII, Tome IX.

Catesby, Mark 1754. The Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands: Containing the Figures of Birds, Beasts, Fishes, Serpents, Insects and Plants. Vol I.

Coues, Elliott 1872. Key to North American birds: containing a concise account of every species of living and fossil bird...(section on fossil birds by O. C. Marsh).

Cuvier, Georges 1817. Règne animal distribué d'après son organisation, pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction à l'anatomie comparée. Tome I. Introduction. Les mammifères. Les oiseaux., xxvii + 540 pp.

d'Orbigny, Alcide 1835-44. Oiseaux. In: Voyage dans l'Amérique méridionale... exécuté pendant les années 1826, 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832 et 1833. iii + 395 pp. + 66 pl.

Forster, Johann Reinhold 1799. Manuel pour servir à l'histoire naturelle des oiseaux, des poissons, des insectes et des plantes... trad. du latin de J. Reinhold Forster... par J. B. F. Léveillé,... xxiv + 437 pp.

Fritsch, Anton 1870. Naturgeschichte der Vögels Europas. xvi + 506 pp.

Gesner, Conrad 1598. Vogelbuch. Frankfurt am Main.

Gould, John 1848. Introduction to the birds of Australia.

Gould, John 1850-83. Birds of Asia. Volume III, [85] p. + [78] pl., Volume IV, [79] p. + [73] pl., Volume VII, [103] p. + [72] pl.

Gould, John 1865. Handbook to the birds of Australia. Vol. I., Vol. II.

Gould, John 1875-88. Birds of New Guinea and the adjacent Papuan islands, including many new species recently discovered in Australia, completed after the author's death by R. Bowdler Sharpe. Volume II, [75] p.-[70] pl., Volume IV, [64] p. + [59] pl., Volume V, [82] p. + [77] pl.

Gould, John, Elizabeth Gould & Edward Lear (ill.) 1837. The Birds of Europe, Vol. I, Raptores ., Vol. II, Insessores, Vol III, Insessores, Vol. IV, Rasores grallatores, Vol. V, Natatores. (plates only).

Heine, Ferdinand 1850-63. Museum Heineanum, verzeichniss der ornithologischen Sammlung. I. Theil / des oberamtmann Ferdinand Heine,... ; mit Kritischen Ammerkungen und Beschreibung der neuen Arten, systematisch bearbeitet von Dr. Jean Cabanis,..., II. Theil. Die Schreivögel, III. Theil. Die Schrillvögel, IV. Theil. Die Klettervögel. Heft 1. Kuckuke und Faulvögel, IV. Theil. Die Klettervögel. Heft 2. Spechte

Herman Ottó 1901. A madarak hasznáról és káráról. Budapest.

Lesson, René-Primevère 1828. Manuel d'ornithologie, ou Description des genres et des principales espèces d'oiseaux. Tome premier. 421 pp., Tome second, 448 pp.

Lesson, René-Primevère 1831. Traité d'ornithologie, ou Tableau méthodique des ordres, sous-ordres, familles, tribus, genres, sous-genres et races d'oiseaux. [1], xxxii + 659 pp., [2], viii + 119 pp.

Lesson, René-Primevère 1847. Description de mammifères et d'oiseaux récemment découverts; précédée d'un Tableau sur les races humaines. 359 pp.

Levaillant, François 1801. Histoire naturelle d'une partie d'oiseaux nouveaux et rares de l'Amérique et des Indes : ouvrage destiné par l'auteur à faire partie de son ornithologie d'Afrique, IV + 71 p. + 24 p. pl.

Levaillant, François 1799-1808. Histoire naturelle des oiseaux d'Afrique. Tome premier. XI +194 p. + [50] f. pl., . Tome second, 206 p. +[53] f. de pl. Tome quatrième, 104 p.+ [70] f. de pl., Tome cinquième, 163 p.+ [50] f. de pl. Tome sixième, 188 p. + [54] pl.

Martinet, François Nicolas 1773-1792. Ornithologie.

Naumann, J. F. 1905. Naturgeschichte der Vögel Mitteleuropas. Herausgegeben und neu bearbeitet von Dr. Carl R. Hennicke in Gera [plates only].

Pallas, Peter Simon 1811. Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium animalium in extenso Imperio Rossico et adjacentibus maribus observatorum recensionem, domicilia, mores et descriptiones, anatomen atque icones plurimorum [1]. xviii + 568 pp. Tomus II 374 pp.
Another version is here

Pennant, Thomas 1790. Indian zoology. viii + 157 pp.

Plinius the Elder ca 70 A. D. Naturalis Historia, Liber X. [Aves].

Ridgway, Robert 1887. Manual of North American birds. xi + 631 pp. + 124 pl.

Ridgway, Robert 1901-19. Birds of North and Middle America Part I, Family Fringillidae. xxx + 715 pp., Birds of North and Middle America, a descriptive catalogue of the higher groups, genera, species, and subspecies of birds known to occur in North America, from the Arctic lands to the isthmus of Panama, the West Indies and other islands of the Caribbean sea, and the Gallapagos archipelago. Part II. Families Tanagridae, Icteridae, Coerebidae, Mniotiltidae. xx + 834 pp., Part III. Families Motacillidae, Hirundinidae, Ampelidae, Ptilogonatidae, Dulidae, Vireonidae, Laniidae, Corvidae, Paridae, Sittidae, Certhidae, Troglodytidae, Cinclidae, Chamaeidae, Sylviidae. xx + 801 pp., Part IV. Families Turdidae, Zeledoniidae, Mimidae, Sturnidae, Ploceidae, Alaudidae, Oxyruncidae, Tyrannidae, Pipridae, Cotingidae. vi + 973 pp., Part V. Families Pteroptochidae, Formicariidae, Furnariidae, Dendrocolaptidae, Trochilidae, Micropodidae, Trogonidae. xxiii + 859 pp., Part VI. Families Picidae, Capitonidae, Ramphastidae, Bucconidae. xx + 882 pp., Part VII. Families Cuculidae, Psittacidae, Columbidae. xiii + 543 pp., Part VIII. Families Jacanidae, Oedicnemidae, Haematopodidae. xvi + 852 pp.

Savigny, J.-C. 1828.Système des oiseaux de l'Égypte et de la Syrie. In: Jomard, Edme-François (ed.): Description de l'Egypte ou Recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Egypte pendant l'expédition de l'armée française. Tome vingt-troisième. Histoire naturelle. Zoologie, animaux invertébrés (suite), animaux vertébrés, 456 pp .

Swainson, William 1836-37. On the natural history and classification of birds. Vol. I, viii + 365 pp., Vol.II , 398 pp.

Swainson, William 1837. Natural history of the birds of Western Africa. Vol. I., Vol. II.

Temminck, Coenraad Jacob 1820-40. Manuel d'ornithologie, ou Tableau systématique des oiseaux qui se trouvent en Europe. Premième partie ; précédé d'une Analyse du système général d'ornithologie ; et suivi d'une Table alphabétique des espèces. cxv + 439 pp., Seconde partie : suivi d'une table alphabétique des espèce. 412 pp., Troisième partie lxxxiv + 305 pp., Quatrième partie ; précédé d'Une analyse du système général d'ornithologie ; et suivi d'Une table alphabétique des espèces et d'une table corrélative des matières contenues dans les quatre parties de cet ouvrage. 385 pp.

Wilson, Alexander 1808-14. American Ornithology. (plates only).

Wilson, Alexander 1808-14. American ornithology, or The natural history of the birds of the United States. Vol. I, 158 + [2] p. + [9] pl., Vol. II, XII + 1 + 167 p. + [9] pl., Vol. IV, XII + 1 + 100 p. + [9] pl., Vol. VII, XII + 1 + 132 p. + [9] pl., Vol. VIII, XI + 1 + 146 p. + [9] pl., Vol. IX, LVII + 1 + 133 +[20] p. + [4] pl.

Monographs of Specific taxa

Gould, John 1861. Introduction to the trochilidae or Family of humming-birds.

Gould, John 1861-87. Monograph of the trochilidae or Family of humming-birds. Vol. IV, [87] p.-[80] pl., [Vol. VI], Supplement, [ca 250] p.

Lear, Edward 1832. Illustrations of the Family of Psittacidae, or Parrots. 32 pl.

Lesson, René-Primevère 1840. Histoire naturelle des colibris; suivie d'un Supplément à l'histoire naturelle des oiseaux-mouches. x + 94 pp. + 26 pl. This is in black-and-white. However the plates are available in colour here.

Lesson, René-Primevère 1834-35. Histoire naturelle des oiseaux de paradis et des épimaques. VII + 248 pp. + 27 pl. This is in black-and-white. However the plates are available in colour here.

Lesson, René-Primevère 1840. Trochilidées ou Les colibris et les oiseaux-mouches: suivis d'un index général, dans lequel sont décrites et classées méthodiquement toutes les races et espèces du genre trochilus. xliii + 171 pp. + 66 pl.

Levaillant, François 1804-05. Histoire naturelle des perroquets. Tome premier. 2 + 135 pp. + 69 pl. Tome second. 112 pp. + 69 pl.

McAtee, W. L. (ed.) 1945. The Ring-Necked Pheasant and its Management in North America. vii + 316 pp.

Sclater, Philip Lutley 1857. Monograph of the birds forming the tanagrine genus Calliste. xviii + 104 p. + 45 pl.

Thunberg, Karl Peter 1799. Dissertatio de Falcone Canoro. 8 pp.

Systematics and Nomenclature

Audouin, Victor 1828. Explication sommaire des planches d'oiseaux de l'Égypte et de la Syrie, publiées par J.-C. SAVIGNY, membre de l'Institut; offrant un exposé des caractères naturels des genres avec la distinction des espèces. In: Jomard, Edme-François (ed.): Description de l'Egypte ou Recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Egypte pendant l'expédition de l'armée française. Tome vingt-troisième. Histoire naturelle. Zoologie, animaux invertébrés (suite), animaux vertébrés, 456 pp .

Bonaparte, Charles-Lucien 1850-57. Conspectus generum avium [1]. 543 pp., Tom. II. 232 + 23 pp.

Gray, George Robert 1840-42. List of the genera of birds. With an indication of the typical species of each genus compiled from various sources (1), (2), (3)

Gray, George Robert 1849. Genera of birds : comprising their generic characters, a notice of the habits of each genus, and an extensive list of species refered to their several genera. Vol. I, Vol II, Vol III, Vol IV, Appendix and Index, Vol V [plates]

Linné, Carl von 1766. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, sinonimis, locis. Tomus I. [Regnum animale]. Editio XII. 532 pp.

Linné, Carl von 1769. Fundamenta Ornithologiae. 20 pp.

Pennant, Thomas 1773. Genera of birds. xxxi + 66 pp.

Pennant, Thomas 1781. Genera of birds. xv + 68 pp. + 16 pl.

Sclater, Philip Lutley & Salvin, Osbert. 1873. Nomenclatur avium neotropicalium sive Avium quae in regione neotropica hucusque repertae sunt nomina systematice disposita adjecta sua cuique speciei patria accedunt generum et specierum novarum dignoses. VIII + 163 p.

Wharton, Henry Thornton 1877. List of British birds, the genera arranged according to Sundevall's method. iv + 20 pp.

Anatomy and Embryology

Kaupp, B F 1918. The Anatomy of the Domestic Fowl. vi + 371 pp.

Patten, Bradley M. 1920. The Early Embryology of the Chick. vi + 167 pp.

Local Faunas and Checklists

Bouvier, Aimé 1875. Afrique occidentale. Catalogue géographique des oiseaux recueillis par MM. A. Marche et Mis de Compiègne dans leur voyage, comprenant les pays suivants : Sénégal, Gambie, Cazamance, Sierra-Leone, Bonny, Vieux-Calabar, cap Lagos, Fernando-Po, Principe, Gabon, Fernand-Vaz et rivière Ogooué, pendant les années 1872-1874. 42 p.

Bruner, Lawrence 1896. Some Notes on Nebraska Birds. A list of the Species and Subspecies found in the state with notes on their distribution, food-habits etc.

Butler, Amos W. 1890. The Birds of Indiana with Illustrations of Many of the Species Prepared for The Indiana Horticultural Society and Originally Published in its Transactions for 1890.

Crespon, Jean 1844. Faune méridionale ou Description de tous les animaux vertébrés vivans et fossiles, sauvages ou domestiques [...] du Midi de la France; suivie d'une Méthode de taxidermie ou L'art d'empailler les oiseaux. Tome premier xxviii + 320 pp.

d'Orbigny, Alcide 1839. Ornithologie. In: Sagra, Ramon de la: Histoire physique, politique et naturelle de l'île de Cuba. 336 pp., [planches] 32 pl., 1839-40.

Goebel. Hermann 1879. Vögel des Kreises Uman, Government Kiew, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf ihre Zugverhältnisse und ihr Brutgeschäft ..., 238 pp.

Gould, John 1832. Century of birds from the Himalaya mountains. [82] p. + [81] pl.

Grabowsky, F. J. 1883. Vogel von Borneo, im Sudostem der Insel gesammelt.

Harting, James Edmund 1872. Handbook of British birds, showing the distribution of the resident and migratory species in the British islands..., xxiv + 198 pp.

Marchant, Louis 1869. Catalogue des oiseaux observés dans le département de la Côte-d'Or. 92 pp.

Sclater, Philip Lutley 1888. Argentine ornithology: a descriptive catalogue of the birds of the Argentine republic; with notes on their habits by W. H. Hudson. Volume I. xiv + 208 pp., Volume II., xxiv + 251 pp.

Temminck, Coenraad Jacob & Schlegel, Hermann 1842. Description des oiseaux observés au Japon par les voyageurs hollandais. 141 pp. + 85 pl.

Palaeontology and Evolution

Marsh, O. C. 1880. Odontornithes: a monograph on the extinct toothed birds of North America. 201 pp.

Milne-Edwards, Alphonse 1867-71. Recherches anatomiques et paléontologiques pour servir à l'histoire des oiseaux fossiles de la France. Vol I., 474 pp., Vol II., 627 pp., Plates, 200 pp.


Linné, Carl von 1757. Migrationes avium.


Blanche, Neltje 1897. Bird Neighbors. An Introductory Acquaintance With One Hundred and Fifty Birds Commonly Found in the Gardens, Meadows, and Woods About Our Homes. Introduction by John Burroughs.

Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc 1751-65. Histoire naturelle: mammifères, oiseaux. In: Encyclopédie (Diderot et d'Alembert).

Burroughs, John 1XXX. Wake Robin.

Delattre, A. & Bonaparte, C.-L. 1854. Notes ornithologiques sur les collections rapportes en 1853 et Classification parallelique des passereaux chanteurs. 95 + 83 pp. + 4 pl.

Franchières, Jean de 1618. Fauconnerie de Jean de Franchières, grand prieur d'Aquitaine avec tous les autres autheurs qui se sont peu trouver traictans de ce subiect. 7 + 127 pp. + 10 pl.

Jacquin, Joseph Franz von 1784. Beyträge zur Geschichte der Vögel, hrsg. von Joseph Franz Edlen von Jacquin,... 8 + 48 pp. + 19 pl.

Jacquinot, M. Honoré & M. le Dr Pucheran 1853. Zoologie. Tome troisième. [1]. Mammifères et oiseaux. In: M. J. Dumont d'Urville, Voyage au Pôle Sud et dans l'Océanie, sur les corvettes "l'Astrolabe" et "la Zélée", 166 pp.

Klein, Jacob Theodor 1750. Jacobi Theodori Klein,... Historiae avium prodromus cum praefatione de ordine animalium in genere ; accessit Historia muris alpini ; et Vetus vocabularium animalium. [13] + 238 p. + [7] pl.

Pallas, Peter Simon 1771-76. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reichs. Erster Theil. 8 + 504 pp. Zweiter Theil. 744 pp. Dritter Theil. 760 + 25 pp.
Another version is here

Payne-Gallwey, Sir Ralph 1886. The Book of Duck Decoys, their construction, management, and history.

Pallas, Peter Simon 1772. Spicilegia zoologica: equibus novae imprimis et obscurae animalium species. 86 pp. + 5 pl.

Reichenau, Wilhelm von 1880. Nester und Eier der Vögel in ihren natürlichen Beziehungen betrachtet, ein Beitrag zur Ornithopsychologie und zur Kritik der Darwinschen Theorien. vi + 110 pp.

Sclater, Philip Lutley 1862. Catalogue of a collection of american birds belonging to Philip Lutley Sclater...

Turner, William 1594. Avium praecipuarum quarum apud Plinium et Aristotelem mentio est, brevis et succincta historia... Unpaginated (156 pp.).

Whitaker, Joseph 1918. British Duck Decoys of To-Day, 1918.

Wright, Mabel Osgood and Elliott Coues 1859. Citizen bird: scenes from bird-life in plain English for beginners. With one hundred and eleven illustrations by Louis Agassiz Fuertes.


Handbooks (3)
Monographs of Specific taxa (28)
Identification (4)
Phylogeny, Systematics and Nomenclature (3)
Local Faunas and Checklists (13)
Bird Atlases (3)
Surveys and Censuses (20)
Palaeontology and Evolution (5)
Migration and Bird-banding (7)
Conservation and Management (23)
Ecology (20)
Physiology (1)
Techniques (11)
Birds and Wind Power (16)
Birds and Fisheries (5)
Birds and Pollution (4)
Bibliographies (5)
Miscellaneous (10)


DeGraaf, Richard M., Rudis, Deborah D. 1986. New England wildlife: habitat, natural history, and distribution. Birds Part I pp. 112-247. Birds Part II pp. 248-383. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-108. Broomall, PA: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experimental Station. 491 pp.

DeGraaf, Richard M., Virgil E. Scott, R.H. Hamre, Liz Ernst, and Stanley H. Anderson. 1991. Forest and rangeland birds of the United States natural history and habitat use. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Agriculture Handbook 688. 625pp.

Verner, Jared & Allan S. Boss (eds) 1980. California Wildlife and Their Habitats: Western Sierra Nevada.

Monographs of Specific taxa

Alonso, J. C. 1990. Parametros Demograficos, seleccion de Habitats y distribucion de la Avutarda (Otis tarda) en tres regiones Españolas. ICONA Collección Tecnica.

Anonymous. No date. Wood Duck (Aix sponsa). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Madison, MS, and Wildlife Habitat Council, Silver Spring, MD. Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management Leaflet. 12 pp.

Anonymous. 1999. Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Madison, MS, and Wildlife Habitat Council, Silver Spring, MD. Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management Leaflet No. 2. 12 pages.

Aranda López, Juan Carlos 1995. La Cerceta Pardilla (Marmaronetta angustirostris) en España. ICONA Collección Tecnica.

Arroyo, Bernardo, Ernesto Ferreiro, Vicente Garza 1990. El águila real (Aquila chrysaetos) en España : censo, distribución, reproducción y conservación. ICONA Collección Tecnica.

Barbosa, A (ed.) 1997. Las aves limicolas en España. Organismo Autonomo Parques Nacionales, Madrid, 237 pp.

Bjugstad, Ardell J., tech. coord. 1988. Prairie chickens on the Sheyenne National Grasslands: proceedings of the symposium; 1987 September 18; Crookston, MN. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-159. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 73 pp.

Burger, Joanna & Michael Gochfield 1999. The Common Tern. Its Breeding Biology and Social Behavior. 432 pp.

Deeming, D. C. (editor) 1999. The Ostrich. 368 pp., ISBN: 0851993508.

Ellis, David H., George F. Gee, and Claire M. Mirande, editors. 1996. Cranes: their biology, husbandry and conservation. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Biological Service, Washington, DC and International Crane Foundation, Baraboo, Wisconsin. xii + 308 p.

Finch, Deborah M.; Stoleson, Scott H., eds. 2000. Status, ecology, and conservation of the Southwestern Willow Flycatcher. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-60. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 132 pp.

Gollop, J.B., T.W. Barry, and E.H. Iversen. 1986. Eskimo curlew, a vanishing species? Saskatchewan Natural History Society Special Publication No. 17, Regina, Saskatchewan. 160pp.

Gomez, Concha Raya & Paloma Sanchez Pino 1988. Inventario y Tipificación de las areas de cria de la Malvasia en España. Resultados obtenidos del estudio realizado sobre la dinamica poblacional de la Malvasia (Oxyura leucocephala) en Andalucia Occidental durante el periodo de tiempo comprendido desde la invernada de 1983 hasta la finalizacion del periodo de cria de 1986. ICONA Collección Tecnica.

González, Gonzalo, José M. Santiago & Luis Fernández 1992. El Aguila Pescadora (Pandion halietus) en España. Censo, reproducción y conservación. ICONA Collección Tecnica.

González, Luis Mariano 1991. Historia Natural Del Aguila Imperial Iberica (Aquila adalberti,) BREHM, 1861: taxonomía, población, análisis de la distribución geográfica, alimentación, reproducción y conservación. ICONA Collección Tecnica, 208 pp.

González López, José Luis 1990. El Cernicalo Primilla (Falco naumanni) en la península Ibérica. Situación, problemática y aspectos biológicos ICONA Collección Tecnica.

González López, José Luis 1991. El Aguilucho Lagunero (Circus aeruginosus L. 1758) en España. Situación, Biología de la Reproducción, alimentacion y Conservación. ICONA Collección Tecnica.

Hamel, Paul B. 2000. Cerulean Warbler Status Assessment April 2000

Heredia, Rafael & Borja Heredia 1991. El Quebrantahuesos (Gypaetus barbatus) en los Pirineos. Caracteristicas ecologicas y biologia de la conservacion.

Lucio, Antonio J., Francisco J. Purroy, Mario Sáenz de Buruaga 1992. La Perdiz Pardilla (Perdix perdix) en España. ICONA Collección Tecnica.

Meine, Curt D. and George W. Archibald (Eds). 1996. The cranes: - Status survey and conservation action plan. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge, U.K. 294pp.

Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation. No Date. The bald eagle in Oklahoma. Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation, Oklahoma City, OK.

Perea Rodríguez, José Luis, Mario Morales Villarroel & José Velasco Cabas 1990. El Alimoche (Neophron percnopterus): población, distribución, problemática y conservación. ICONA Collección Tecnica.

Ralph, C. John; George L. Hunt Jr., Martin G. Raphael, John F. Piatt (Eds) 1995. Ecology and Conservation of the Marbled Murrelet. Gen. Tech. Rep. GTR-152, 420 pp.

Ruth, J.M. 2000. Cassin's Sparrow (Aimophila cassinii) status assessment and conservation plan. Biological Technical Publication BTP-R6002-1999

Suárez, Francisco, Carmen Martínez, Miguel Yanes & Jesús Herranz (editors) 1995. Estado de Conservacion y Requerimientos de Habitat de la Ganga (Pterocles alchata) y la Ortega (Pterocles orientalis) en España. Informe Final. Dpto. de Ecología Madrid, U.A.M.

USDA Forest Service 1997. Biology and Conservation of Owls of the Northern Hemisphere. Second International Symposium February 5-9, 1997 Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, 634 pp.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1996. Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus), Atlantic Coast Population, Revised Recovery Plan. Hadley, Massachusetts. 258 pp.


Carney, Samuel M. 1992. Species, age and sex identification of ducks using wing plumage. U. S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C. 144 pp.

Central Flyway Waterfowl Council. 1994. Waterfowl identification in the central flyway. 59pp.

Hines, Robert W. No Date. Ducks at a distance: A waterfowl identification guide. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Southwest Natural and Cultural Heritage Association, Albuquerque, NM. 51pp.

Kirby, Ronald E., Austin Reed, Pierre Dupuis, Holliday H. Obrecht, III, and Walter J. Quist. 2000. Description and identification of American Black Duck, Mallard, and hybrid wing plumage. U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Biological Science Report USGS/BRD/BSR-2000-0002. 26 pp.

Phylogeny, Systematics and Nomenclature

Banks, Richard C. 1988. Obsolete English Names of North American Birds and Their Modern Equivalents. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource publication 174, 37 pp.

Devillers, Pierre et al. (Commission internationale des noms français des oiseaux) 1993. Noms français des oiseaux du Monde. MultiMondes Inc. eds, Sainte-Foy, Quebec & Chabaud eds, Bayonne, France, 1st ed. ISBN 2-87749035-1 [revised].

Kvist, Laura 2000. Phylogeny and phylogeography of European Parids. Ph. D. dissertation, University of Oulu. ISBN 951-42-5536-4

Local Faunas and Checklists

Bryan, K., T. Gallucci, G. Lasley, M. Lockwood and D. H. Riskind. 1999. A checklist of Texas birds. Texas Parks & Wildlife Press, Austin, Texas: 40 pp.

Clausen, P., et al. 1996. Fuglelivet omkring Rønland, Harboør Tange. Faglig rapport fra DMU Nr. 158, 48 s.

Cupul Magaña F. G., Martínez Martínez, E. E. & B. Z. Martínez Martínez. 2000. Guía ilustrada de las aves acuáticas de Bahía de Banderas, Jalisco-Nayarit, México. (incluidas algunas familias de aves terrestres). Centro Universitario de la Costa. Universidad de Guadalajara. Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México. 247 pp. ISBN 970-92571-1-0

Faanes, Craig A. 1981. Birds of the St. Croix River Valley, Minnesota and Wisconsin. U.S. Department of the Interior. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C. North American Fauna, Number 73. 196 pp.

Faanes, Craig A. and Gary R. Lingle. 1995. Breeding birds of the Platte River Valley of Nebraska. Jamestown, ND.

Faxon, D. & Bayer R. D. 1990. Birds of the Coast Range of Lincoln County, Oregon. Vol. I: Birds of Thornton Creek. Studies in Oregon Ornithology No. 8, 88 pp.

Harrison, Ken et al. 1999. Checklist of the Birds of Lancaster & District 1989-1999.

Johnsgard, Paul A. 1997. The Birds of Nebraska and adjacent Plains States.

Navarro Blanca, Adolfo G., E. Hernandez, Hesiquio Benitez D. 1993. Las Aves del Estado de Queretaro, Mexico. 75 pp.

Robbins, Chandler B. & Willet T Van Vetzen 1968. Field list of the birds of Maryland. 29 pp.

Shuford, W. David, Nils Warnock and Kathy C. Molina 1999. The Avifauna of the Salton Sea: A Synthesis. Point Reyes Bird Observatory.

Stewart, Robert E. 1975. Breeding Birds of North Dakota. Tri-College Center for Environmental Studies, Fargo, ND.

Tuft, Robie 1986. Birds of Nova Scotia.

Bird Atlases

Anonymous. 1997. Kentucky Breeding Bird Atlas.

Jacobs, Brad & James D.Wilson 1997. Missouri Breeding Bird Atlas 1986-1992. Natural History Series, No. 6. Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City.

Peterson, Richard A. 1995. The South Dakota breeding bird atlas. South Dakota Ornithologists' Union. 276 pp.

Surveys and Censuses

Boertmann, D. et al. 1996. Seabird colonies in western Greenland. Faglig rapport fra DMU, Nr. 170, 148 pp.

Cranswick, P.A., Pollitt, M.S., Musgrove, A.J. & Hughes, R.C. 1999. The Wetland Bird Survey 1997-98: Wildfowl and Wader Counts. BTO.

Crick, H. Q. P., S.R. Baillie, D.E. Balmer, R.I. Bashford, L.P. Beaven, C. Dudley, D.E. Glue, R.D. Gregory, J.H. Marchant, W.J. Peach and A.M. Wilson. 1998. Breeding Birds in the Wider Countryside: their conservation status (1972-1996). BTO Research Report No. 198.

Delany, S., Reyes,C., Hubert, E., Pihl, S., Rees, E., Haanstra, L. & Strien, A. 1999. Results from the International Waterbird Census in the Western Palearctic and Southwest Asia 1995 and 1996. 178 pp.

Dodman, T., Béibro, H., Hubert, E. & Williams, E. (eds.) 1998. African Waterbird Census 1998. 293 pp. [English and French].

Dunn, Erica, H., Michael D. Cadman and J.Bruce Falls (editors) 1997. Monitoring bird populations: the Canadian experience. Canadian Wildlife Service Occasional Paper 95. Published by the Authority of the Minister of the Environment, Catalogue No.CW69-1/95E ISBN: 0-662-25802-9.

Faanes, Craig A. 1982. Avian use of Sheyenne lake and associated habitats in central North Dakota. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C. Resource Publication 144. 24pp.

Filion, A. and K. M. Dickson (eds.) 1999. Status of Migratory Game Birds in Canada. Can. Wildl. Serv. Unpubl. Rep. (National Office), 112 pp.

Fischer Rasmussen, Jan 1999. Birds of Danish SPAs - trends in occurrence. Miljø- og Energiministeriet, Skov- og Naturstyrelsen. ISBN: 87-7279-200-0, 114 pp.

Gregory, R.D., Bashford, R.I., Beaven, L.P., Marchant, J.H., Wilson, A.M. & Baillie, S.R. 1998. The Breeding Bird Survey 1996-1997. BTO Research Report 203. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford.

Jarvis, A & Robertson, T. 1997. Endemic birds of Namibia: evaluating their status and mapping biodiversity hotspots. DEA Research Discussion Paper 14: 102 pp.

Kantrud, Harold A. 1982. Maps of distribution and abundance of selected species of birds on uncultivated native upland grasslands and shrubsteppe in the Northern Great Plains. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, FWS/OBS-82/31. 31 pp.

Lichtenberg, Janene S., and Abby N. Powell. 2000. Avian inventory of Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve, Kansas. Report to National Park Service, Midwest Regional Office, Omaha, NE.

Marburger, Joy E 1999. Avian Populations in Upper Ocklawaha Restoration Areas: 1995-1999. 43 pp.

North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation 1999. North American Important Bird Areas. A Directory of 150 Key Conservation Sites. ISBN 2-922305-42-2, 359 pp.

Petersen, I. K. 1995. Vandfugles antal og fordeling i det sydfynske Øhav og Helnæs Bugt 1991-1992. Et samarbejdsprojekt mellem Skov- og Naturstyrelsen, Fyns Amt og DMU. Faglig rapport fra DMU, Nr. 130, 63 pp. ISBN 87-7772-192-6.

Petrie, Scott 1998. Waterfowl and Wetlands of Long Point Bay and Old Norfolk County, Present Conditions and Future Options for conservation.

Pihl, S. et al. 1995. Waterbird Numbers in the Baltic Sea, Winter 1993. Faglig rapport fra DMU Nr. 145, 60 pp.

Rasmussen, L.M. & Thorup, O. 1998. Ynglefugle i Vadehavet 1996. Faglig rapport fra DMU Nr. 229. 101 pp.

Simmons, R. E., Barnes, K. N., Jarvis, A. M. & Robertson, T. 1999. Important Bird Areas in Namibia.DEA Research Discussion Paper 31.

Palaeontology and Evolution

Gusseklo, S. W. S. 2000. The evolution of the palaeognathous birds. PhD Dissertation, University of Leiden 182 pp.

Hamon, J. H. 1964. Osteology and paleontology of the passerine birds of the Reddick, Florida, Pleistocene. Florida Geological Survey, Bulletin 44:1-210.

Hou, Lian-Hai 1997. Mesozoic Birds of China. 153 pp.

Mlikovsky, Jiri 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World, Part I Europe 407 pp.

Palm, Sven 1997. The Origin of flapping Flight in Birds. A Theory on the Origin of Birds and the Power of flapping Flight. 45 pp.

Migration and Bird-banding

Alonso, Javier A., Juan C. Alonso & Rodrigo Muñoz-Pulido 1988. Areas de Invernada de la Grulla (Grus Grus) en España. ICONA Collección Tecnica.

Brewer D., A.W. Diamond, E.J. Woodsworth, B.T. Collins, and E.H. Dunn. 2000. Canadian Atlas of Bird Banding. Vol. 1: Doves, Cuckoos, and Hummingbirds through Passerines, 1921-1995. Special Publ., Canadian Wildlife Service, Ottawa, Canada.

Ceballos, Pedro, Juan Molina, Antonio Franco & Borja Palacios 1984. Manual del Anillador. Oficina de Anillamiento & Sociedad Española de Ornitología.

Lincoln, Frederick, C. and Steven R. Peterson. 1979. Migration of birds. Circular 16, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C. 119 pp.

Madsen, J. et al. 1997. Spring Migration Strategies and Stopover Ecology of Pink-Footed Geese. Results of Field Work in Norway 1996. Faglig rapport fra DMU, Nr. 204: 29 pp.

Scott, Derek, A. 1998. Global Overview of Arctic Migratory Breeding Birds Outside the Arctic. CAFF Technical Report No 4.

Skagen, Susan K., Peter B. Sharpe, Robert G. Waltermire and M. Beth Dillon 2000. Biogeographical Profiles of Shorebird Migration in Midcontinental North America. U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Midcontinent Ecological Science Center.

Conservation and Management

Anonymous. 1988. Abstracts for the Symposium "Ecology and Management of Islands, Peninsulas and Structures for Nesting Waterfowl"; 17-19 August 1988, Jamestown, North Dakota. 48 pages.

Anonymous. 1999. A Land Manager's Guide to Improving Habitat for Scarlet Tanagers and other Forest-interior Birds. Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

Barry, Robert X., Parresol, Bernard R. &, Devall, Margaret S 1995.Neotropical migratory birds of the Kisatchie National Forest, Louisiana: abstracts for selected species and management considerations. Gen. Tech. Rep. SO-115. New Orleans, LA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station. 72 p.

Beintema, A & Van Vessem,J (eds.) 1999. Strategies for Conserving Migratory Waterbirds. Proceedings of Workshop 2 of the 2nd Inrternational Conference on wetlands and Development held in Dakar, Senegal, 8-14 November 1998. 71 pages, figs, tabs, maps.

Bonney, Rick, David N. Pashley, Robert J. Cooper, and Larry Niles, Editors 1999. Strategies for Bird Conservation: The Partners in Flight Planning Process. Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

Chardine, John and Vivian Mendenhall 1998. Human Disturbance at Arctic Seabird Colonies. Technical Report No 2 from the CAFF Circumpolar Seabird Working Group. ISBN: 9979-9294-6-4

Clausen, P., Bøgebjer, E. Jørgensen, H.E., Hounisen, J.P. & Kjær,P. A. 2000. Jagt- og forstyrrelsesfrie kerneområder for vandfugle: Status 1998. Naturovervågning. Samarbejdsprojekt mellem Skov- og Naturstyrelsen og Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser. DMU Arbejdsrapport Nr. 124, 77 pp.

Committee on the Scientific Bases for the Preservation of the Hawaiian Crow, National Research Council 1992. The Scientific Bases for Preservation of the Hawaiian Crow. 148 pages.

Committee on the Scientific Bases for the Preservation of the Mariana Crow, National Research Council 1997. The Scientific Bases for Preservation of the Mariana Crow. 104 pages.

DeGange, Anthony R. 1996. A Conservation Assessment for the Marbled Murrelet in Southeast Alaska. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. General Technical Report PNW-GTR-388, 82 pp.

Fuller, Richard A., John P. Carroll, and Philip J.K. McGowan 2000. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan 2000-2004: Partridges, Quails, Francolins, Snowcocks, Guineafowl, and Turkeys. Species Survival Commission/BirdLife International/World Pheasant Association Partridge, Quail, and Francolin Specialist Group.

Graham, Russell T., Ronald L. Rodriguez, Kathleen M. Paulin, Rodney L. Player, Arlene P. Heap & Richard Williams 1999. The Northern Goshawk in Utah: Habitat Assessment and Management Recommendations. United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-22.

Grondahl, Chris and John Dockter. No Date. Building nest structures, feeders, and photo blinds for North Dakota Wildlife. North Dakota Game and Fish Department, Bismarck, ND. 39pp.

Grondahl, Chris and Donna Kubik. No Date. Attracting bluebirds and other cavity nesting songbirds in North Dakota. North Dakota Game and Fish Department, Nongame program. Bismarch, ND. 16pp.

Hoffman, Richard W., Harley G. Shaw, Mark A. Rumble, Brian F. Wakeling, Cheryl M. Mollohan, and Sanford D. Schemnitz. 1993. Management guidelines for Merriam's Wild Turkeys. Div. Rep. No. 18. Fort Collins, CO: Colorado Division of Wildlife. 24 pp.

Iverson, George C., Gregory D. Hayward, Kimberly Titus, Eugene DeGayner, Richard E. Lowell, D. Coleman Crocker-Bedford, Philip F. Schempf, and John Lindell 1996. Conservation Assessment for the Northern Goshawk in Southeast Alaska. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station, General Technical Report PNW-GTR-387. 108 pp.

Johnson, D. H., and L. D. Igl (Series Coordinators). 1998 (revised 2000). Effects of management practices on grassland birds. Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Jamestown, ND.

Liukkonen-Anttila, Tuija. 2001. Nutritional and genetic adaptation of galliform birds: implications for hand-rearing and restocking . Oulu: Oulun yliopisto.

Messmer, Terry A., Micheal A. Johnson, and Forrest B. Lee. 1989. Homemade nest sites for mallards. NDSU Extension Service, Fargo, ND. 8 pp.

U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station 1978. Proceedings of The Workshop: Management of Southern Forests for Nongame Birds, January 24-26,1978 Atlanta, Georgia. U. S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service General Technical Report SE-14, 184 pp.

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 1988. Waterfowl Management Handbook.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1992. Report to congress: Endangered and threatened species recovery program. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C. 280 pp.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1994. Recovery program: Endangered and threatened species. U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C. 63 pp.


Austin, Jane E., Alan D. Afton, Michael G. Anderson, Robert G. Clark, Christine M. Custer, Jeffrey S. Lawrence, J. Bruce Pollard, and James K. Ringleman. 1999. Declines of greater and lesser scaup populations: issues, hypotheses, and research directions. Summary Report for the Scaup Workshop. U.S. Geological Survey, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Jamestown, North Dakota. 18pp.

Blasco, M., J. Lucena y J. Rodríguez 1979. Los flamencos de Fuente de Piedra.

Cowardin, Lewis M., David S. Gilmer, and Charles W. Shaiffer. 1985. Mallard recruitment in the agricultural environment of North Dakota. Wildlife Monographs 92:1-37.

Forsman, Jukka 2000.Heterospecific attraction in breeding bird communities. Implications to habitat selection and species interactions in a landscape perspective. Ph. D. Thesis, University of Oulu, ISBN 951-42-5626-3.

Greenwood, Raymond J., Alan B. Sargeant, Douglas H. Johnson, Lewis M. Cowardin, and Terry L. Shaffer. 1995. Factors associated with duck nest success in the Prairie Pothole Region of Canada. Wildlife Monographs 128:1-57.

Hammond, Merrill C. and Douglas H. Johnson. 1984. Effects of weather on breeding ducks in North Dakota. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Fish and Wildlife Technical Report No. 1. 17pp.

Higgins, Kenneth F., Leo M. Kirsch, Albert T. Klett, and Harvey W. Miller. 1992. Waterfowl production on the Woodworth Station in south-central North Dakota, 1965-1981. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Resource Publication 180. 79 pp.

Johnson, Douglas H. and Alan B. Sargeant 1977. Impact of red fox predation on the sex ratio of prairie mallards. U.S. Fish and Wildl. Serv. Wildl. Res. Rep. 6. 56 pp.

McLeod, Scott J., and Kenneth F. Higgins. 1998. Waterfowl and habitat changes after 40 years on the Waubay study area. South Dakota Agricultural experiment Station Bulletin 728. South Dakota State University, Brookings, South Dakota. 40 pp.

Medin, Dean E.; Welch, Bruce L.; Clary, Warren P. 2000. Bird habitat relationships along a Great Basin elevational gradient. Research Paper RMRS-RP-23. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 22 pp.

Meyer, K. D. 1998. Communal roosts of the American swallow-tailed kite in Florida: habitat associations, critical sites, and a technique for monitoring population status. Final Rep. Fla Game and Fresh Water Fish Comm. Tallahassee 56 pp + vi.

Petersen, Kenneth L. 1978. Habitat distribution and territoriality in the dickcissel and red-winged blackbird. Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas. 37 pp.

Piratelli, Augusto João 1999. Comunidades de aves de sub-bosque na região leste de Mato Grosso do Sul. Tese apresentada ao Instituto de Biologia da Universidade Estadual Paulista, Campus de Rio Claro (SP), como parte dos quesitos para a obtenção do título de Doutor em Ciências Biológicas, área de concentração Zoologia. 228 pp.

Ruokonen, Minna 2001. Phylogeography and conservation genetics of the lesser white-fronted goose (Anser erythropus). Oulu: Oulun yliopisto.

Sargeant, Alan B., Stephen H. Allen, and Robert T. Eberhardt. 1984. Red fox predation on breeding ducks in midcontinent North America. Wildlife Monographs 89:1-41.

Sargeant, Alan B., Raymond J. Greenwood, Marsha A. Sovada, and Terry L. Shaffer. 1993. Distribution and abundance of predators that affect duck production - Prairie Pothole Region. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Resource Publication 194. 96pp.

Sargeant, Alan B., Marsha A. Sovada, and Raymond J. Greenwood. 1998. Interpreting evidence of depredation of duck nests in the prairie pothole region. U.S. Geological Survey, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Jamestown, ND and Ducks Unlimited, Inc., Memphis, TN. 72pp.

Swanson, David A. 1996. Nesting ecology and nesting habitat requirements of Ohio's grassland-nesting birds: A literature review. Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Wildlife, Ohio Fish and Wildlife Report 13. 60pp.

Tornberg, Risto 2000.Effect of changing landscape structure on the predator-prey interaction between goshawk and grouse. ACTA UNIVERSITATIS OULUENSIS Series A Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 346 ISBN 951-42-5636-0, 36 pp.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1981. The Platte River ecology study special research report. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Jamestown, ND. 187 pp.

Weeber, Russ C. 1999.Temporal Patterns in Breeding Success of Common Loons in Ontario, 1981-1997. Final report to Canadian Wildlife Service Ontario Region, 49 pp.


Sturkie, Paul D, 1954. Avian Physiology. xx + 423 pp.


Cowardin, Lewis M., Terry L. Shaffer, and Phillip M. Arnold. 1995. Evaluations of duck habitat and estimation of duck population sizes with a remote-sensing-based system. National Biological Service, Biological Science Report 2. 26pp.

Glahder, C. et al. 1996. Effects of fitting dummy satellite transmitters to geese. A pilot project using radio telemetry on wintering Greenland White-fronted geese. Faglig rapport fra DMU, Nr. 169, 38 pp.

Gollop, J.B. and W.H. Marshall. 1954. A guide for aging duck broods in the field. Mississippi Flyway Council Technical Section. 14pp.

Hamel, Paul B., Winston Paul Smith, Daniel J. Twedt, James R. Woehr, Eddie Morris, Robert B. Hamilton, and Robert J. Cooper 1996. A Land Manager's Guide to Point Counts of Birds in the Southeast. USDA Forest Service Southern Experiment Station, General Technical Report SO-120 Station ID: GTR-SO-120.

Hussell, J. T. & C. John Ralph 1998. Recommended Methods for Monitoring Bird Populations by Counting and Capture of Migrants. Intensive Sites Technical Committee of the Migration Monitoring Council.

Milko, Robert 1998. Environmental assessment guideline for forest habitat of migratory birds. Biodiversity Protection Branch Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada. Published by Authority of the Minister of Environment. ISBN: 0-662-63742-9

Nur, Nadav, Stephanie L. Jones & Geoffrey R. Geupel 1999. Statistical Guide to Data Analysis of Avian Monitoring Programs. Biological Technical Publication BTP-R6001-1999

Ralph, C. John; Geupel, Geoffrey R.; Pyle, Peter; Martin, Thomas E.; DeSante, David F. 1993. Handbook of field methods for monitoring landbirds. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-144-www. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 41 pp. Here is a spanish version.

Smith, Winston Paul, Daniel J. Twedt, David A. Wiedenfeld, Paul B. Hamel, Robert P. Ford, and Robert J. Cooper 1993. Point Counts Of Birds in Bottomland Forest Service Hardwood Forests of the Mississippi Southern Forest Experiment Station Alluvial Valley: Duration, Minimum Sample Size, and Points Versus Visits. Research Paper SO-274, 25 pp.

Smith, Charles, R. (ed.) 1990. Handbook for Atlasing North American Breeding Birds.

Wunderle, Joseph M. Jr. 1994. Census Methods for Caribbean Land Birds. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report SO-98.

Zicus, Michael C. and David P. Rave. 1998. Assessment of a mallard model in Minnesota's prairie coteau. Minnesota Wildl. Rep. 12. 43 pp.

Birds and Wind Power

Anderson, Richard, Michael Morrison, Karin Sinclair, Dale Strickland, Holly Davis & William Kendall 1999. Studying Wind Energy/Bird Interactions: A Guidance Document. Metrics and Methods for determining or monitoring Potential Impacts on Birds at existing and proposed Wind Energy Sites.Avian Subcommittee of the NWCC, 94 pp.

Anonymous 1995. Proceedings of National Avian-Wind Power Planning Meeting, Denver, Colorado, 20-21 July 1994. Organized by National Renewable Energy Laboratory Department of Energy, American Wind Energy Association, National Audubon Society, Electric Power Research Institute and Union of Concerned Scientists

Anonymous 1996. Proceedings of National Avian-Wind Power Planning Meeting II, Palm Springs, California, 20-22 September 1995. Sponsored by Avian Subcommitee of the National Wind Coordinating Committee.

Avian Subcommittee of the National Wind Coordinating Committee 2000. National Avian-Wind Power Planning Meeting III, Proceedings. San Diego, California, May 1998.

Clausager, I. & Nøhr, H. 1995. Vindmøllers indvirkning på fugle. Faglig rapport fra DMU, Nr. 147, 51 pp.

Guillemette, M., Larsen, J.K. & Clausager, I. 1999. Assessing the Impact of the Tunø Knob Wind Park on Sea Ducks. The Influence of Food resources. Faglig rapport fra DMU, Nr. 263, 20 pp.

Guillemette, M., Kyed Larsen, J. & Clausager, I. 1998. Impact Assessment of an Off-Shore Wind Park on Sea Ducks. Faglig rapport fra DMU, Nr. 227, 61 pp.

Guillemette, M., Kyed Larsen, J. & Clausager, I. 1997. Effekt af Tunø Knob vindmøllepark på fuglelivet. Faglig rapport fra DMU, Nr. 209, 31 pp.

Harmata A., K. Podruzny, J. Zelenak 1998. Avian Use of Norris Hill Wind Resource Area, Montana. NREL/SR-500-23822, Fish and Wildlife Program Biology Department Montana State University Bozeman, Montana, 118 pp.

Kerlinger, Paul, Richard Curry & Ronald Ryder 2000. Ponnequin Wind Energy Project: Reference Site Avian Study January 1, 1998 - December 31, 1998. NREL/SR-500-27546, 35 pp.

Kerlinger, Paul & Richard Curry 2000. Avian Mortality at Communcation Towers: A Review of recent Literature, Research, and Methodology. United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of Migratory Bird Management, 38 pp.

Larsen, J.K. & Clausen, P. 1998. Effekten på sangsvane ved etablering af en vindmøllepark ved Overgaard gods. Faglig rapport fra DMU, Nr. 235, 25 pp.

Morrison, Michael L. & Kenneth H. Pollock 1997. Development of a Practical Modeling Framework for Estimating the Impact of Wind Technology on Bird Populations. NREL/SR-440-23088, 42 pp.

Morrison, Michael L., Kenneth H. Pollock, Ann L. Oberg, Karin C. Sinclair 1998. Predicting the Response of Bird Populations to Wind Energy-Related Deaths. NREL/CP-500-25009, Presented at 1998 ASME/AIAA Wind Energy Symposium Reno, NV January 12 -15, 1998.

Predatory Bird Research Group, Long Marine Laboratory University of California Santa Cruz, California 1999. A Population Study of Golden Eagles in the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area: Population Trend Analysis, 1994-1997. NREL/SR-500-26092.

Thelander, Carl G. and Lourdes Rugge 2000. Avian Risk Behavior and Fatalities at the Altamont Wind Resource Area March 1998 to February 1999. NREL/SR-500-27545, 28 pp.

Birds and Fisheries

Bakken, Vidar, John Chardine, Knud Falk, Alexander Golovkin, Martti Hario, Aevar Petersen, Kenton Wohl, Patrick J. Gould & Shannon M. Fitzgerald 1998. Incidental Take of Seabirds in Commercial Fisheries in the Arctic Countries.

Bayer, R. D. 1989. The Cormorant/Fisherman Conflict in Tillamook County, Oregon. Studies in Oregon Ornithology 6.

Bayer, R. D. 2000. Cormorant Harassment to Protect Juvenile Salmonids in Tillamook County, Oregon. Studies in Oregon Ornithology 9.

Madsen, J. 2002. Effekt af lystfiskeri på overvintrende troldænder i Store Kattinge Sø Faglig rapport fra DMU, Nr. 397, 23 pp.

Tobin, Mark (ed.) 1998. Symposium on Double-Crested cormorants: Population Status and Management Issues in the Midwest. (December 9, 1997, Milwaukee, Wisconsin). Technical Bulletin 1879, United States Department of Agriculutre, Washington, D.C.

Birds and Pollution

Braune, B. M., B. J. Malone, N. M. Burgess, J. E. Elliott, N. Garrity, J. Hawkings, J. Hines, H. Marshall, W. K. Marshall, J. Rodrigue, B. Wakeford, M. Wayland, D. V. Weseloh & P. E. Whitehead 1999. Chemical residues in waterfowl and gamebirds harvested in Canada, 1987-95. National Wildlife Research Centre, Wildlife Toxicology Division, Contaminant Section. Canadian Wildlife Service Technical Report Series No. 326.

Mateol, Rafael, Albert Martínez-Vilalta, Joan Carles Dolz, Josabel Belliure, José Miguel Aguilar Serrano & Raimon Guitartl 1994. Estudio de la Problemática del Plumbismo en Aves Acuáticas de diferentes humedales Españoles. Estudio subvencionado con una ayuda del ICONA Octubre de 1994.

Sanderson, Glen C. and Frank C. Bellrose. 1986. A Review of the Problem of Lead Poisoning in Waterfowl. Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, Illinois. Special Publication 4. 34pp.

Scheuhammer, A. M. and S.L. Norris 1995.A review of the environmental impacts of lead shotshell ammunition and lead fishing weights in Canada. Canadian Wildlife Service Occasional Paper Number 88. Published by the Authority of the Minister of the Environment. Catalogue No.CW69-1/88E ISBN: 0-662-23633-5.


Dahlgren, Robert B. and Carl E. Korschgen. 1992. Human disturbances of waterfowl: An annotated bibliography. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication 188. 62pp.

Hebert, Elaine, Erin Reese & Lauren Mark 1995. Avian Collision and Electrocution: An Annotated Bibliography California Energy Commission Publication P700-95-001.

Rodriguez-Yanez, Claudia A., Rocio M. Villalon & Adolfo G Navarros 1994. Bibliografía de las Aves de México 1825-1992.

Trapp, John L. and Shauna L. Hanisch 2000. Cormorant Food Habit and Potential Impacts on Sport and Commercial Fisheries: An Annotated Bibliography. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Office of Migratory Bird Management Arlington, Virginia, 44 pp.

White, Jeanne A. & Elaine D. Engst 1999. Ornithology Collections in the Libraries at Cornell University: A Descriptive Guide.


Bayer, R. D. 1986. A Guide to the Bird Notes of Grace McCormac French of Yamhill County, Oregon. Studies in Oregon Ornithology 2.

Gezelius, Lars 2000. Fåglar i Tåkern. Fältarbete 1999. Meddelande nr. 65 från Tåkerns Fältstation. Rapport till Tåkernfonden WWF, ISSN 1403-8900, 37 pp.

Grondahl, Chris and Scott Gomes. No Date. Songbirds of North Dakota. North Dakota Game and Fish Department, Bismarck, ND. 11pp.

Konrad, Paul M. 1996. WildBird's top 50 birding hotspots - the best birding locations await you throughout North America. WildBird, Sept. 1996 (reprint).

Mead, Chris 2000. The State of the Nations' Birds. (text only).

Meeks, William A., and Kenneth F. Higgins. 1998. Nongame birds, small mammals, herptiles, fishes: Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge, 1995-1996. South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 729. South Dakota State University, Brookings, South Dakota. 28 pp.

Negro, Juan José & Arnd Schreiber 1990. Determinacion del grado de consanguinidad en subpoblaciones de Lince y Aguila Imperial. ICONA-CSIC

Scott, Derek, A. (ed.) 1995. A Directory of Wetlands in the Middle East. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and IWRB, Slimbridge, U.K. xvii + 560pp, 13 maps.

Shaw, Samuel P. and C. Gordon Fredine 1956. Wetlands of the United States - their extent and their value to waterfowl and other wildlife. U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C. Circular 39. 67pp.

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